A comprehensive eye exam involves a series of tests to check your visual acuity and eye health. Generally, your exam will begin with a short conversation about your family history and your personal history, any vision problems you may experience, any current medications, and other important information your optometrist requires.
It is important to note that some eye conditions are hereditary, some medications have eye-related symptoms, and some health conditions (such as diabetes) can impact the eyes. An eye exam is a discussion that gives your eye doctor important insight into the health of your eyes prior to starting any tests.
Your optometrist will then perform tests to evaluate:
They will also check the health of the cornea, lens, eyelid, iris, retina, and the optic nerve of each eye. Ultimately, these tests check the overall health of your eye and will reveal any early signs of disease or potential vision issues.
After testing is complete, your optometrist may give you a prescription for corrective lenses and discuss any need for additional testing or treatment plans.